Benefits of breastfeeding
Almost all women can breastfeed their children. Only 2% of mothers can not do this: through the anatomical structures, surgeries on the breast or some common diseases.
Breastfeeding – a natural process, which is a continuation of the child’s nutrition in the womb through the umbilical cord.
Breast milk contains all the nutrients a baby needs, it is easily digested and efficiently used by the body baby, protects the baby against infections, promotes the formation of physiological immunity in infants and children in the first year of life, promotes physiologic microbial colonization of the body baby, whereas alpha-lactose contained in cow’s milk, stimulates the growth of gram-negative flora, which leads to a deficiency of bifidobacteria. Breastfeeding provides the close psycho-emotional relationship of mother and child contributes to the harmonious development of the infant.
Nutritional value of breast milk. Mother’s milk – the best food for baby. It is ideally suited to all the features of digestion and metabolism of the newborn child. Protein, fat, carbohydrate components of human milk, vitamins, and minerals – that of the individual for each child, and some substances that are to milk, are essential for physiological growth and development of the infant.
The protective role of breast milk provided by the content of specific and nonspecific anti-infective factors. The important role of breast milk in the prevention of food allergy. It contains substances that are necessary for the formation of physiological immunity in infants, some of which have antitumor activity.
The regulatory role of breast milk is associated with the presence therein of various hormones. They provide a gradual transition from intrauterine to extrauterine nutrition of the child, and help the digestive tract maturation baby, prevent overloading of the endocrine system neonatal regulate the processes of decay and protein synthesis.
Psycho-emotional unity of mother and child. Breast-feeding plays an important role in the psycho-emotional relationship between mother and infant. Now it is breast-feeding scholars regard as a powerful emotional impetus to the development of the child’s mind. It is proved that during the breastfeeding mother and child is established a special closeness that persists for many years, but according to some sources – for life. It is important to know that a newborn child should hear the language of the mother and father. This helps to improve her mental and emotional development, a sense of attachment to parents, unity with them. The fact that the infant during the first hours of life hears the voice of his mother, promotes a child’s speech in the future.
Consequently, for the full development of the baby breast-milk and unrestricted close contact with the mother is very important: it is the most physiologic feeding, during which the child not only feels familiar smells and tastes, feels safe and comfortable, but also actively developing.
Effect of breast milk on child and maternal health. Modern scientific studies have brought that children who are reared breast, the risk of future obesity, atherosclerosis, stroke, diabetes, chronic digestive diseases, orthopedic diseases, dental problems are significantly lower than children who were artificially fattening. Effect of breastfeeding on maternal health.
Breast-feeding has important health benefits to the mother. It contributes to the normal running of the postpartum period: preventing postpartum haemorrhage and purulent-septic diseases, mastitis, and also reduces the risk of mastopathy, benign and malignant breast tumors, cancer of the uterus and ovaries in the future.
Breastfeeding is the physiological stage of the reproductive cycle, preceded by the maturation of gametes, conception, pregnancy and valances. Breastfeeding continues to significantly physiologic neplodiya period after childbirth. Breast-feeding significantly more economical, because family budget, not only on the purchase of infant formula and medicines for the child, risk of disease in which much lower than that of the infant, who formula fed. By the way according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, children who ate breast milk is easier to come into contact with other people who have the highest index of intellectual development.